Announcement dates 2021

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2020

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

“My fish and chips were just put down in front of me when someone rang and said, ‘Hello this is Stockholm speaking, you’ve won the Nobel Prize this year’. I could feel my face going white.”

Robin Warren was sitting in a pub in Perth, Australia opposite collaborator Barry Marshall when he got the Nobel Prize call – letting them know that they had both been awarded the 2005 medicine prize for their discovery of how stomach ulcers are caused by bacteria, not stress.

On 4 October one or many scientist(s) will be informed that they have been awarded the medicine prize – follow us to hear the news first!
Marshall and Warren

Who did what?

Featured Nobel Prize laureates in physiology or medicine

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2009
Why do we age? And why do some people age faster than others? The secret lies in our telomeres and the enzyme telomerase which was first discovered by Elizabeth Blackburn and affects the way our cells age.
Elizabeth Blackburn in her lab at the University of California, San Francisco

© Univ of California, San Francisco 2009, Photo: Elisabeth Fall/

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1964
Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin was arguably the most outstanding X-ray crystallographer of her time. She succeeded in determining the structure of penicillin and later determined the structure of vitamin B12.
Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin

Photo from the Nobel Foundation archive.

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1901
Diphtheria took thousands of lives before a cure was found. Read about the “demon” that hounded Emil von Behring, and his revolutionizing work that earned him the first medicine prize in 1901.
Emil von Behring

Photo from the Nobel Foundation archive.

Nobel Prize announcements

The Nobel Prize call

I think it's a shock

Surprised, overwhelmed, terrified, happy. How would you react if you suddenly heard that you had been awarded the Nobel Prize? Here, six laureates share their stories.

More about the ‘Nobel Prize call’

Explore prizes and laureates

Between 1901 and 2020, the Nobel Prizes and the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel were awarded 603 times to 962 people and organizations. See the full list here.
The 2009 Nobel Laureates stand for the Swedish national anthem

The 2009 Nobel Prize laureates

© The Nobel Foundation 2009, Photo: Frida Westholm

Questions and answers

Do you have questions about the Nobel Prize and our Nobel Prize laureates? Find answers to the most commonly asked questions in the FAQ.

Explore and learn

Watch the documentary series

A team of female Yazidi deminers in Iraq attempting to clear their land of mines left behind by ISIS. A team of scientists on an extraordinary mission in Mozambique to help better our understanding of climate change. A man building prosthetic legs to help victims of war walk again in South Sudan … All are inspired by Nobel Peace Prize laureates.
Into the fire - image

Nobel Prize nominations

In his last will and testament, Alfred Nobel specifically designated the institutions responsible for the prizes he wished to be established.

KVA byggnad fasad sommar

Play a game!

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1930
Learn more about blood groups in the blood typing game! The game helps you understand how blood groups work.
Blood typing game
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1904
In this game you can train a dog to drool on command! It’s all about conditioned learning.
Pavlov's Dog Game

Nobel Prize Concert 2021

Acclaimed Argentina-born cellist Sol Gabetta will be performing at this year’s Nobel Prize Concert on 8 December.u003cbru003eu003cbru003eThe Nobel Prize Concert is an annual concert which is part of the Nobel Week official programme celebrating that year’s Nobel Prize laureates.
Sol Gabetta 2018 photo julia wesely

Cellist Sol Gabetta

© Julia Wesely

Coming up

Nobel Prizes 2020

The Nobel Peace Prize 2020 was awarded to the World Food Programme (WFP) for its efforts to combat hunger, for its contribution to bettering conditions for peace in conflict-affected areas and for acting as a driving force in efforts to prevent the use of hunger as a weapon of war and conflict.

© Nobel Media. Ill. Niklas Elmehed.

Alfred Nobel – Established the Nobel Prize

On 27 November 1895, Alfred Nobel signed his last will in Paris, France. The Swedish dynamite millionaire, who thought that his invention would end all wars, had now realised that it was a very deadly product. Wanting to make amends, he did what no man of such wealth had done before …

Alfred Nobel Will

On 10 December 1901 the first Nobel Prizes were awarded, in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature and peace. Read more about the first prizes.

The first Nobel Prize Award Ceremony was held in 1901 at the Royal Academy of Music, Stockholm.

What are you looking for? Search the website.

Nobel destinations

Stockholm, Sweden
The Nobel Prize: Ideas Changing the World (3)

The museum showcases the discoveries and creativity of the Nobel Laureates.

Photo: Åke Eson Lindman

NPC Nye Nobels Hage 10

The story of each Peace Laureate is told at the museum.

Photo: Johannes Granseth / Nobel Peace Center

In memoriam

Physics Laureate Antony Hewish passed away on 13 September, aged 97. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics 1974 for his pioneering research in radio astrophysics and the studies that led to detecting pulsars.

Edmond H. Fischer was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1992 for discoveries concerning reversible phosphorylation, opening up novel insight into basic protein regulations in cells. He passed away on 27 August.

Edmond Fischer
Toshihide Maskawa passed away on 23 July 2021. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics 2008 for “the discovery of the origin of the broken symmetry which predicts the existence of at least three families of quarks in nature.”

Steven Weinberg passed away on 23 July at the age of 88. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics 1979 “for contributions to the theory of the unified weak and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles.”